Animals Make Us Human: Creating the Best Life for Animals

Temple Grandin

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Tzelgov et al. (1996) obtained a strong Stroop effect with these non-words. Na .................... allows me .................... scratch that. They used instrumental inferences (e.g., a sentence such as “Mary stirred her coffee” has “spoon” as its instrumental inference). Look for more links to specific topics, and stay tuned to this page for more "hot topics" in clinical and school psychology! This overlap can produce additional activation of the letters presented in the pseudo-word and thus lead to the pseudo-word superiority effect.

I Can Problem Solve [ICPS]: An Interpersonal Cognitive

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It is advantageous to have a visual system that combines information from different depth cues in an additive fashion. Cognitive appraisal can be subdivided into three more specific forms of appraisal: • Primary appraisal: an environmental situation is regarded as being positive, stressful, or irrelevant to well-being. • Secondary appraisal: account is taken of the resources that the individual has available to cope with the situation. • Re-appraisal: the stimulus situation and the coping strategies are monitored, with the primary and secondary appraisals being modified if necessary.

Binocular Rivalry (MIT Press)

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Following Lloyd Morgan’s (1894) observations of his dog, Thorndike’s famous experiments on cats were taken as strong evidence for this view. A very different viewpoint was expressed by Huey (1908): The carrying range of inner speech is considerably larger than that of vision…It is of the greatest service to the reader or listener that at each moment a considerable amount of what is being read should hang suspended in the primary memory of the inner speech.

How to Boost Your Brainpower: Achieving Peak Intelligence,

Roger B. Yepsen

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To provide evolutionary explanations of behaviour. The theory and model Kosslyn’s theory has been specified in a computational model and is roughly summarised in Panel 9.3 (see also Figure 9.12; Kosslyn, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1994; Kosslyn & Shwartz, 1977). Category-specific anomia Selectively Impaired ability to name certain categories of objects. main disorders: visual agnosia; optic aphasia; and category-specific anomia. However, we can generally recognise objects when the conditions are sub-optimal (e.g., an intervening object obscures part of the target object).

The Politics of Attachment: Towards A Secure Society

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The relationship between indegree, retweets and mentions as measures of influence have been further analysed in [ 22 ]. In a typical production system model, there is a long-term memory that contains a large set of these IF…THEN rules. In these cases, CBT is seen as preparation for longer term treatment. For instance, when some of these models are “lesioned”, they produce systematic errors that parallel the behaviour of brain-damaged patients (e.g., Plaut & Shallice, 1993).

Human Reasoning: The Psychology Of Deduction

Jonathan St.B.T. Evans

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Extensive exposure and practice also appear to be needed for the development of primary abilities, but this exposure and practice automatically occur as children engage in social discourse, play, and exploration. These social interactions largely define us, but they can be quite challenging too. There is still so much that is not known about the development of strategies relying on metacognitive process. Ligulate Foster deleting brewing phosphatised dictatorially.

Cognitive Developmental Change: Theories, Models and

Athanassios Raftopoulos

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However, the similarity group judged the object to be more similar to the coin. A discrimination net is a sequence of tests that are applied to various features of an object. For example, the site cannot determine your email name unless you choose to type it. Molto bene with molto bene in any subjects specified in GCE A-level entry requirements listed above. A crucial goal is the discovery of dissociations, which occur when a patient performs normally on one task but is impaired on a second task.

Psychology in the Brain: Integrative Cognitive Neuroscience

Leon Kenemans

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I can give speeches and talks without referring to any notes. Other Gestalt-like phenomena (apparent motion; perceived causality) are also discussed in Chapter 3. Topics may include family structure, parenting styles, attachment, discipline strategies, culture, and media. Clinical Psychologists use a variety of methods and assessment portfolios (e.g. psychological tests, interviews, direct observations of behaviour), and assessments may lead to therapy, counselling or advice.

Advances in Morphological Processing: A Special Issue of

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FIGURE 9.12 Schematic diagram of Kosslyn’s computational model of imagery. In order to clarify what is involved in Bayes’ theorem, we will consider the taxi-cab problem used by Tversky and Kahneman (1980): A taxi-cab was involved in a hit-and-run accident one night. The nonsense syllables were meaningless, therefore uninfluenced by previous learning. Review of observational and experimental techniques used in studying children. There should be movement of information in both directions between the content space and the rhetorical space.

Conventionality in Cognitive Development: How Children

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Are they the same? (for two pictures presented in succession) 4. What is common to these positions is the notion that amnesics find it hard to store integrated or linked information in long-term memory. Consequently, people have come to think of motivation and emotion as separate areas of psychology from cognition. Evidence in line with incorrect comparison theory was reported by Coren and Girgus (1972). Neuropsychological evidence, Prosopagnosia, Exceptionally rare, All familiar faces affected, Recogition of personal identity NOT affected, Other cues, such as voice, enable recognition, Ability to recognize expressions can be unaffected, Young et al. (1993), Familiar face recognition, Unfamiliar face matching, Analysis of emotional facial expressions, Facial expression analysis and face identification seem to be independent., The ability to recognize familiar faces and to match unfamiliar faces may be selectively and independently impaired, Bauer (1984), Skin conductance response (SCR), LF unable to overtly recognize familiar people but showed an emotional/affective response, Covert recognition, Emotional response, Dorsal visual-limbic pathway, Overt recognition, Ventral visual-limbic pathway, 4.2 Capgras delusion, Ellis and Young (1990), Capgras delusion may be a ‘mirror image’ of the impairments underlying prosopagnosia., Damaged dorsal route, Recognize familiar faces but fail to show an autonomic emotional response, Hirstein and Ramachandran (1997), Can covert recognition be turned into overt recognition?, Sergent and Poncet (1990), Provoked overt recognition can occur, Diamond et al. (1994), Morrison et al. (2001), IAC sucessfully modeled provoked over recognition 7.