By William O. Stephens

quickly after Aristotle's demise, a number of faculties of historic philosophy arose, each one addressing the sensible query of ways to dwell a very good, satisfied existence. the 2 largest competitors, Stoicism and Epicureanism, got here to dominate the philosophical panorama for the following 500 years. Epicureans prompt pursuing excitement to be at liberty, and Stoics held that actual happiness may perhaps purely be completed by means of residing in keeping with nature, which required accepting what occurs and satisfying one's roles. Stoicism, greater than Epicureanism, attracted fans from many alternative walks of lifestyles: slaves, workers, statesmen, intellectuals, and an emperor. The lasting effect of those philosophies is visible from the truth that even this present day 'Stoic' and 'Epicurean' are family phrases. even if little or no of the writings of the early Stoics live to tell the tale, our wisdom of Stoicism comes mostly from a number of later Stoics. during this certain e-book, William O. Stephens explores the ethical philosophy of Epictetus, a former Roman slave and dynamic Stoic instructor whose teachings are the main compelling safety of historic Stoicism that exists. Epictetus' philosophy dramatically captures the spirit of Stoicism via analyzing and remedying our best human disappointments, resembling the demise of a family member. Stephens exhibits how, for Epictetus, happiness effects from focusing our challenge on what's as much as us whereas no longer being concerned approximately what's past our keep an eye on. He concludes that the power of Epictetus' concept lies in his notion of happiness as freedom from worry, fear, grief, and dependence upon luck.

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