By Michael Trapp

Socrates, son of Sophroniscus, of Alopece is arguably the main richly and diversely honored - and appropriated - of all old thinkers. Already in Antiquity, full of life controversy over his value and cost ensured quite a lot of conflicting representations. He then grew to become to be had to the medieval, renaissance and sleek worlds in a provocative number of roles: as paradigmatic thinker and consultant (for sturdy or ailing) of historic philosophical tradition normally; as practitioner of a particular philosophical process, and a particular philosophical way of life; because the ostensible originator of startling doctrines approximately politics and intercourse; as martyr (the sufferer of the main severe of all miscarriages of justice); as possessor of a rare, and terribly major actual visual appeal; and because the archetype of the hen-pecked highbrow. To today, he remains to be the main easily famous of historical philosophers, as a lot in renowned as in educational tradition. This quantity, in addition to its spouse, Socrates from Antiquity to the Enlightenment, goals to do complete justice to the resource fabric (philosophical, literary, inventive, political), and to the variety of interpretative concerns it increases. It opens with an advent summarizing the reception of Socrates as much as 1800, and describing scholarly examine because then. this can be by way of sections at the highly influential Socrateses of Hegel, Kirkegaard and Nietzsche; representations of Socrates (particularly his erotic instructing) largely encouraged via Plato's Symposium; and political manipulations of Socratic fabric, in particular within the twentieth century. a particular characteristic is the inclusion of chilly struggle Socrateses, either capitalist and communist.

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