By Ronald R. Rindfuss,Minja Kim Choe

This quantity examines detailed low fertility situations that experience emerged in economically complicated international locations because the flip of the twentieth century: one within which fertility is at or close to replacement-level and the opposite the place fertility is definitely lower than alternative. It explores the way in which quite a few associations, histories and cultures impact fertility in a various variety of nations in Asia, Europe, North the USA and Australia. The publication positive factors invited papers from the convention on Low Fertility, inhabitants getting older and inhabitants coverage, held December 2013 and co-sponsored through the East-West heart and the Korea Institute for overall healthiness and Social Affairs (KIHASA). It first provides an summary of the demographic and coverage implications of the 2 low fertility situations. subsequent, the ebook explores 5 nations at the moment experiencing low fertility charges: China, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and South Korea. It then examines 3 international locations that experience just about replacement-level fertility: Australia, the Netherlands and the U.S.. each one nation is featured in a separate bankruptcy written by way of a demographer with professional wisdom within the quarter. Very low fertility is associated with a couple of stipulations nations face, together with a declining inhabitants measurement. while, low fertility and its impression at the age constitution, threatens social welfare regulations. This booklet is going past the technical to envision the middle institutional, coverage and cultural elements in the back of this more and more vital factor. It is helping readers to make cross-country comparisons and achieve perception into how assorted associations, rules and tradition form fertility degrees and patterns.

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