By Roderick C. Dewar,Charles H. Lineweaver,Robert K. Niven,Klaus Regenauer-Lieb

the second one legislation, a cornerstone of thermodynamics, governs the common course of dissipative, non-equilibrium techniques. however it says not anything approximately their genuine premiums or the likelihood of fluctuations concerning the general. This interdisciplinary e-book, written and peer-reviewed via foreign specialists, offers fresh advances within the look for new non-equilibrium rules past the second one legislations, and their functions to quite a lot of platforms throughout physics, chemistry and biology. past the second one legislation brings jointly regularly remoted parts of non-equilibrium examine and highlights possibly fruitful connections among them, with entropy creation taking part in the unifying position. Key theoretical techniques comprise the utmost Entropy construction precept, the Fluctuation Theorem, and the utmost Entropy approach to statistical inference. purposes of those ideas are illustrated in such different fields as climatology, cosmology, crystal development morphology, Earth procedure technological know-how, environmental physics, evolutionary biology and know-how, fluid turbulence, microbial biogeochemistry, plasma physics, and radiative delivery, utilizing a large choice of analytical and experimental options. past the second one legislation will attract scholars and researchers wishing to realize an figuring out of entropy creation and its valuable position within the technological know-how of non-equilibrium platforms – either intimately and when it comes to the larger picture.

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